Prague has a population of about one million people. It is the capital of the Czech republic, the biggest, oldest and the most important city of the country. Prague is the biggest industrial, commercial and financial centre as well. The history of the Prague Castle as a residence of Czech dukes and of the Přemyslid dynasty begins at the end of 9th century. The main market-square was today’s Old Town Square. It's built on the banks of the River Vltava. Fifteen bridges cross the river. The most famous is the Charles Bridge, which joins Prague Castle and the old town, the New town, Josefov, Hradčany and Vyšehrad. The view of the castle from the river is very famous. Prague is famous for many things. Most popular building is the Old Town Hall with its amazing astronomical clock. There is a famous music festival: „Prague Spring“. There are also twenty theatres and many old pubs, wine bars, and restaurants.
In Prague is a relatively modern underground, but it is often better to walk and feel the atmosphere of the pretty little streets. The Prague Metro network consists of 3 lines designated by letters and differentiated in colour: A-line is green, B-line is yellow and C-line is red colour. Metro is the fastest. The funicular onto Petřín Hill operates along the route Újezd – Nebo-zízek – Petřín. Today is in Prague the biggest stadium of the world-the Sokol Stadium in Strahov. The best views are from Prague Castle and Petřín Hill, where is located an Observation Tower - the free copy of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.