Education

Levels:
1) pre school
2) primary school
3) secondary school
4) trisury school
5) adult school

ad 1) there are children from 0 up to 6 {is for children from 0 up to 6}
ad 2) there are children from 6 up to 15
ad 3) there are students from 15 up to 18 years
ad 4) there are students from 18 and there isnˇĄt age limit
ad 5) there isnˇĄt age limit

CONDITIONS:
1] there are no conditions but institutional demand ˇV money, age, health, and mother must
work
2] age, compulsory are : physical mature and social mature
- the primary school have two levels: a) junior ˇV shorter lessons, one teacher for all subjects
b) senior ˇV different teacher for all subjects
3] age, entrance examination, students must finished primary school (9 class)
4] finished secondary education, school leaving examination, entering exams to university
5] requalification, driving course, complete with job, summer school

RESPONSIBILITY:
1] parents, local authority

2] Ministry of Education

3] Ministry of Education

4] partly Ministry of Education and partly universities

5] private people, local authority, enterprises

MONEY:
1] parents
2] state (Ministry of Education )
3] state
4] partly students and partly state {state pay only four years and students pay next}

Higher secondary school have a school fees.
On secondary school students must pay for books.

HEADTEACHER:
- she is responsible for organisation school years
- timetable
- equipment of school

TEACHER:
- she is responsible for students on a trip
- for his own knowledge
- ways of information

SPECIAL SCHOOLS: are for children which have a problem with see, walk

CURATIVE INSTITUTIONS: are for children which have a problem with their behaviour

?t The school year starts on 1st September and ends on 30th June of the following year.

?t The school year is divided into two terms {September ˇV January, February ˇV June}

?t Pupils attend at the beginning the Infant school

?t Children have the same teacher for 5 years and teaches nearly all of the lessons in the class.

?t Pupils are evaluated by marks 1 to 5, 1 is the best and 5 is the worst.

?t At the age of 10 pupils can change to the Gymnasium or stay at the basic school and continue with Junior school for next 4 years

?t One lesson takes 45 minutes.

?t There are about 30 pupils in a class.

?t The school begins at 8 oˇ¦clock in the morning and finished at 2 of 3 oˇ¦clock in afternoon.

?t Pupils learn usual subjects such as maths, Czech, biology, history, geography, chemistry, civics, languages and physical Education

?t After this school pupils can choose which one school they want to attend in the future

?t Cleverer pupils go on at the gymnasium or at the Secondary special schools

?t Private secondary schools are new and expensive.

?t If you want to attend them you have to pay a fee of about 1000,- Crowns for a month

?t There are a lot of different types of secondary schools ˇV medical schools, technical schools, pedagogical schools, business schoolsˇKˇK.

?t Students learn special subjects and in the end of study they take a school-leaving examination.

?t This examination is held in May

?t The student chooses one of 25 topics by drawing a number and after 15 minutes preparation he speaks on the topics and solves given tasks

?t After secondary school students can attend the University or the College.

?t They must be very clever.

?t If they want to attend the College or the University, they have to pass an entrance examination

?t The examinations are different, some are difficult and some are quite easy

?t Students will have to pay for the University.

?t A college is usually for 4 years.

?t Our oldest University is Charles University in Prague, founded by Charles IV. in 1348 as the first Central and East European University

?t Our notable Universities are Masaryk University in Brno, Palacky University in Olomouc, Purkyne University in Usti nad Labem

The British Education system
Primary school
„« at 5, by law, children start proper school
„« infant school is from 5 ˇV 7 years and Junior school from 7 ˇV 11 years
„« there are usually 35 children in class
„« children have the same teacher for one year and they teaches nearly all of the lessons in the class
„« children have to take tests at 7, 11 and 14
„« children learn English, maths, science, technology, history, geography and religious knowledge

Secondary school
?ł most secondary schools are comprehensive schools, which offer a general Education to children of all abilities
?ł in some areas children are selected for either grammar school {which is more academic} or secondary modern school
?ł Education in Britain is free, and most children go to state school
?ł However, some parents pay to send their children to independent school
?ł In England and Wales some of the more traditional independent schools re called public schools, although they are not really public at all. Many of these are boarding schools, where children live and sleep during the term

The curriculum
?¶ The national curriculum is the group of subjects that must be taught in schools in England and Wales

Exams
?˝ In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, pupils take GCSEs at the age of 16. At 18, they can take a levels, usually in two or three subjects, or AS exams {which involve half the content of A levels} in more subjects
?˝ For Scottish exams, look at the note at A level

Higher Education
„Ľ Most courses last for three or four years.
„Ľ Students receive grants from the government to pay for course fees and food, accommodation, etc.
„Ľ Some students also receive loans, which they have to pay back when they start work.

THE BRITISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
This chart shows how Education is organised in England and Wales. The system is a little different in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Hodnocení referátu Education

Líbila se ti práce?

Podrobnosti

  5. duben 2008
  3 508×
  975 slov

Komentáře k referátu Education