New York is the biggest city in the USA. Is situated in the East coast by the Atlantic ocean. There live 7 million people, but the whole metropolitan area is counted 17 million people. The city is called „The Big Apple“. It is as a apple with a grub. New York is the biggest city of Czech imigrants, too.
New York has five major parts: Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island and Brooklyn. The black quarter – Harlem – is in northern part of Manhattan.
The original inhabitants were Indians. The oldest part – Manhattan Island – was bought from the Indians by the Dutch in 1625 for goods worth 25 American dollars. The original names was New Amsterdam, but in 1644 the British settlers renamed it New York. The name is from the brother of the English King Duke from York.
New York was the first capital of the United States from 1785 to 1790.
New York is an important industrial city an business centre. There are 4 airports, for example J.F. Kennedy or La Guardia. New York has the largest subway system in the world.
Half of city’s population is either foreign born or has a foregn born parent. New York is notorious for its crime. There are gang and homeless people living in the streets.
The island is washed by two rivers the East River and the Hudson River. It is considered the „neart“ of the city. Manhattan was built on a modern plan of streets and avenues. Streets run east-west and avenues north-south. 42 street is between the Down town and Up town and between West side and East side is 5 avenue. Wall street is the centre of banking industry.
Famous park is Central Park where also rock concerts take place. Times square located on the west side of Manhattan and has been associated with the New Year’s Eve celebration for New Yorkers.
In Manhattan is famous skyline. Skyscrapers are an interesting as the building is a small city itself. Highest skyscraper the World Trace Center built in 1973, is 417 m high and has 110 storeys.
Beautiful skyscrapes in New York are the Empire State Building. Located at 5th Avenue & 34th Street, for forty years the tallest building in the world. There are two observation towers, which offering spectacular panoramic views of New York.
The most worldknown is Brooklyn Bridge, other bridges are Manhattan and William bridge.
Brodway is the centre of cultural life, there is cinemas, theatres, clubs of music.
The Statue of Liberty is in Liberty Island and it is the gift from France to the people of the USA in 1886. It is a symbol of hope and freedom.
For traveling is in the city the subway system, railroads, more expensive cab etc.
4. duben 2008