We know 3 main types of literature: prose, poetry and drama:
Prose can be divided to fiction and non-fiction. Non-fiction is a factual writing such as reference books, dictionaries or encyclopedias. From them the information may be obtained. On the other hand romantic and historical novels, ghost stories or sci-fi belong to fiction. In the beginning of the book there can be a prologue (some information in the form of a commentary), book is created with chapters witch are divided into paragraphs. In the end of the book there can be an epilogue.
Drama or play can be tragedy, comedy or historical play. Some playwrights have chosen only one type of drama but William Shakespeare has written all of them - from the tragedies for example Romeo and Juliet or Hamlet, from the comedies: A Midsummer Night’s Dream or The Merry wives of Windsor and from the historical plays: Richard the Second, Henry the Fourth.
Something about his life:
William Shakespeare was born on 23rd April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. He had one sister and one brother. When he was 18, he married Anne Hathaway who was 8 years older. They had 2 daughters and 1 son. In 1592 he came to London and joined a group of actors known as the Lord Chamberlain’s Men. 8 years later he bought his own theatre which was called Globe and it was an outdoor theatre. The actors were only men. First Shakespeare helped adapt or re-write older plays but later he started to write his own plays and he was successful. But afterwards the Globe was destroyed by fire. In 1610 he went back home and lived with his family. He died on the same day as he was born - on 23rd April 1616.
Except for his 37 plays he wrote some sonnets as well.
Geoffrey Chaucer - English poet, philosopher - father of English literature - The Canterbury Tales
George Orwell - English journalist, essayist - genres including fiction - Animal Farm, 1984
Charles Dickens - English novelist of the Victorian era - mixture of fantasy and realism - Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield
Oscar Wilde - Irish playwright, short story writer, poet of the Victorian era - The Importance of Being Earnest, An Ideal Husband, A Woman of No Importance, The Picture of Dorian Gray (only novel)
Edgar Alan Poe - American romantic poet, short story writer - tale The Black Cat, poem The Raven
Jack London - American novelist, journalist, short story writer - realism and naturalism - The Call of the Wind, The Sea Wolf
Ernest Hemingway - American novelist, journalist, author of the “Lost Generation” - For Whom the Bell Tolls (NP), The Old Man and the Sea, anthology Men at War
I love reading and I also like watching films. When you are reading the book you can imagine characters, place and situations of your own but when you are watching a film you take over the idea of producer. But reading is time-consuming activity and nowadays many people don’t have enough time for it. They are busy and they prefer going to the cinema or watching TV. In my opinion that is a pity because some details in books we can't see in a film. Personally I think that some genres are better in the films such as horror or ghost stories but others are better in the books. For example I had read the book and then I have seen the film “The DaVinci Code” and I suppose that the book is much better