Canada is the second larges country in the world after Russia.the original inhabitants came to Canada from Asia.canada was discover twice, first by the Vikings then by Europeans.canada became a British dominion in 1867.Now it is an independent federal state and a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations.The head of the state is the british monarch represented by the Governor-General.The leading figure in the political life og the country is the Prime Minister.
Now the population of canada is more than 29 million people
Canada is made up of ten provinces and two territories.Every province and territory has its own capital city, and the capital city of the whole country is Ottawa.The provinces are Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia and the largest province is Quebec.The trritories are the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories.
Quebec is the only province where the main administrative language is French.The people there speak French, but with a special accent.The capital of Quebec is Quebec City.There are many historical places with the charm of another era.It is called the most beautiful city in North America.Montreal is the largest city of Qubec.It gots its name after a mountain, Mont Royal.
Canada’s main province is Ontario.One meaning of Ontario is „beautiful water“.No wonder, water is everywhere here-thousands of lakes and rivers cover one sixth of Ontario’s territory.
Alberta id divided into praries and mountains.Alberta’s capital, Edmonton, os known for lots of festivals, such a Klondike Days.Another activity in memory of the old days také place in Calgary.
British Columbia is Canada’s westrnmost province, neighbouring the Pacific Ocean.It is rich in natural resources and beauties.The capital city is Victoria.It is always in connestion with seafood and the famous Vancouver aquarium.
The Northwest Territories cover about a third of the total surface area of is a pretty lonely part, there areonly a few villages and towns.The capital city is Yellowknife.There are two climate zones:subarctic and arctic.
The Yukon is known as „the land of the midnight sun“ because above the Arctic Circle, for the three summer months, the sun never sets.The big city is Dawson City.
Canada is famous for its diverse and beautiful scenery particularly in the Great Lakes region in the south-east.Visitors travel to Canada to see the Niagara Falls which are located between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.Canada has also high mountain ranges, like the Rocky Mountains and the Mackenzie Mountains.The higest Canadian peak is Mt.Logan (6000 m).The longest river is teh Mackenzie flowing from the Rocky Mountains to the Arctic Ocean.There are about thirty national parks in Canada, one of them is Jasper National Park in Alberta.
The climate is mostly continental in Canada, with warm summers and cold winters.Conditions in the north are arctic.
It is also a very rich country.It has many industies-cars, electrical goods, etc.It produces almost every mineral-gold, silver, iron, copper, uranium, oil, coal, etc.Canada is the world’s biggest producer of nickel, the second biggest producer of zinc and the third biggest produceer of lead.Canada is also one of the biggest produceers of wood and paper.Agriculture(mostly wheat and cattle) is
important too.
The national emblem is the maple leaf and teh currency is the Canadian dollar

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